Serveur des thèses de l'Université de Strasbourg

Evolution, social norms, and the sustainability of common property resources.

ATZENHOFFER, Jean-Philippe (2011) Evolution, social norms, and the sustainability of common property resources. Thèses de doctorat, Université de Strasbourg.

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Abstract

Numerous natural common-pool resources such as fisheries, forests, or pastures, are facing overexploitation pressure. To understand the underlying reasons of resource degradation, economists have extensively used concepts of standard game theory. Yet, many empirical and experimental studies have shown that resource exploiters do not always behave according to the Nash predictions. In addition to the standard analysis, evolutionary game theory represents a useful and relevant tool to model human behaviour. By assuming that agents adapt progressively their behaviour, notably through imitation, it becomes possible to account for results obtained in the empirical and experimental literature. Basically, this thesis contains three applications of evolutionary game theory to the problem of the commons (chapter 4, 5 and 6). In the first one, we propose a model which explains situations where common resources are severely overexploited, even to a larger extend than the Nash prediction. In a second model, we show that extractive pressures can be restrained when agents have the possibility to sanction those who overexploit. In the third model, we study how local communities can limit their exploitation level by setting up a system of private property rights over the resource.

Item Type:Thesis
Discipline de la thèse / mémoire / rapport :Sciences économiques
Uncontrolled Keywords:ressources naturelles renouvelables ; jeux évolutionnistes ; normes sociales ; biens communs
Subjects:UNERA Classification UNERA > DISC Discipline UNERA > DISC-10 Economie, gestion, management, marketing
UNERA Classification UNERA > ACT Domaine d'activité UNERA > ACT-14 Eau, environnement, aménagement, urbanisme
CL Classification > DDC Dewey Decimal Classification > 300 Sciences sociales > 330 Économie > 333 Economie de la terre, des ressources naturelles et de l'énergie. Propriété de la terre. Propriété foncière > 333.7 Ressources naturelles et énergie
Classification Thèses Unistra > Droit, économie, gestion et science politique > Sciences économiques et de gestion > 330 Économie > 333 Economie de la terre, des ressources naturelles et de l'énergie. Propriété de la terre. Propriété foncière > 333.7 Ressources naturelles et énergie
ID Code:2410
Deposited On:26 March 2012

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